Fractions for Class 5: A Comprehensive Guide


Fractions are a way of representing parts of a whole. They are written as a numerator and a denominator, separated by a fraction bar. The numerator is the number of parts we are considering, and the denominator is the total number of parts. For example, the fraction 1/2 represents one out of two equal parts.

Types of fractions
There are three main types of fractions:

  • Proper fractions: These fractions have a numerator that is smaller than the denominator. For example, 1/2 is a proper fraction.
  • Improper fractions: These fractions have a numerator that is larger than or equal to the denominator. For example, 3/2 is an improper fraction.
  • Mixed numbers: These numbers are a combination of a whole number and a proper fraction. For example, 21/2 is a mixed number.

Adding and subtracting fractions

To add or subtract fractions, they must have the same denominator. Once they have the same denominator, the fractions can be added or subtracted as usual. For example, to add 1/2 and 1/4, we would first need to convert 1/4 to 2/4 (by taking LCM of denominators). Then, we could add the two fractions, giving us 3/4.

Multiplying and dividing fractions

To multiply fractions, we multiply the numerators and the denominators. For example, to multiply 1/2 and 2/3, we would multiply the numerators, giving us 2, and the denominators, giving us 6. So, the product of 1/2 and 2/3 is 1/3.

To divide fractions, we flip the second fraction and multiply. For example, to divide 1/2 by 2/3, we would flip the second fraction, giving us 3/2, and then multiply, giving us 3/4.

Equivalent fractions

Equivalent fractions are fractions that have the same value. For example, 1/2 and 2/4 are equivalent fractions.

Fractions on a number line

Fractions can be represented on a number line by placing a dot at the appropriate location. For example, the fraction 1/2 would be placed halfway between 0 and 1 on a number line.

Fractions in real-world problems

Fractions are used in many real-world problems. For example, we might use fractions to represent parts of a pizza, parts of a pie, or parts of a cake. We might also use fractions to represent discounts, sales, or percentages.


Here are some examples of fraction problems that students might encounter in class 5:

  • Add 1/2 and 1/4.
  • Subtract 1/2 from 3/4.
  • Multiply 1/2 and 2/3.
  • Divide 1/2 by 2/3.
  • Find the equivalent fraction of 1/2 that has a denominator of 12.
  • Place the fraction 1/6 on a number line.

I hope this guide helps you understand fractions for class 5!