Describe the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem.


  • Producers: These are typically green plants or photosynthetic organisms that capture sunlight and convert it into energy through photosynthesis, forming the base of the food chain. 
    For ex: Plants, an Bacteria.
  • Consumers: These are organisms that feed on other organisms. Herbivores eat plants, carnivores eat other animals, and omnivores consume both plants and animals. They help in further flow of the energy.
    For ex: Cow, Goat, Lion, Eagle, etc.
  • Decomposers: These organisms, like bacteria and fungi, break down dead organic matter and recycle nutrients, making them available for producers again.
    For ex: Fungi.

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