Explain the concepts of natural resources and their conservation.

Ans: Natural resources are substances and components found in the environment that are essential for the survival and well-being of living organisms.

They can be categorised into two main types:

  • Renewable Resources: These can be naturally regenerated, such as sunlight, wind, forests, and freshwater. They are sustainable if used wisely.
  • Non-renewable Resources: These are finite and cannot be replaced on a human timescale. Examples include fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and minerals.
  • Conservation of Natural Resources: Conservation refers to the responsible and sustainable use of natural resources to ensure their availability for future generations. Here are some key principles of natural resource conservation:
  • Sustainable Practices: Adopting sustainable practices in agriculture, forestry, and fishing to prevent resource depletion.
  • Reducing Waste: Minimizing waste production through recycling and efficient resource use.
  • Biodiversity Conservation: Protecting ecosystems and habitats to preserve biodiversity and prevent species extinction.
  • Energy Efficiency: Promoting energy-efficient technologies and reducing reliance on non-renewable energy sources.
  • Water Management: Efficiently managing water resources and preventing pollution of freshwater bodies.
  • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: Promoting the mantra of “reduce, reuse, recycle” to minimize resource consumption and waste generation.


Related Questions