How do voluntary and involuntary actions differ in the nervous system?


Voluntary Action

Involuntary Action

Voluntary actions are under conscious control. They are initiated, directed, and controlled by the individual’s conscious intention and will.

Involuntary actions are not under conscious control. They occur automatically and are often regulated by the autonomic nervous system without the individual’s conscious input.

For example, raising your hand or walking are voluntary actions that you choose to perform.

Examples include heartbeat, digestion, and reflexes like the knee-jerk reflex.


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